According to data presented by the Eurostat, the fertility rate in Poland in 2015 stood at 1.32, while the EU average was 1.58. Only Portugal had a lower rate (1.31). Cyprus had the same figure as Poland. The country with the highest rate among EU state was France with 1.96, followed by Ireland 1.92.
In 2015, 369,308 children were born in Poland, while throughout the bloc that number amounted to 5,103,165 newborns.
The average age of a woman giving birth to her first child was 27 in Poland, while the EU average was 28.9.
A total fertility rate of around 2.1 live births per woman is considered to be the replacement level in developed countries; in other words, the average number of live births per woman required to keep the population size constant in the absence of migration. A total fertility rate below 1.3 live births per woman is often referred to as ‘lowest-low fertility’.