Currently, scientists perceive changes in the Earth's climate in all regions of our planet and throughout the entire climate system. Climate change and population migrations are among the most important topics and greatest challenges facing humanity in the 21st century. This belief is also confirmed by the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations in 2015 for the next 15 years. Among the seventeen goals, we can find, among others, two directly related to this topic. Objective 10 talks about the implementation of "safe, regular and responsible migration" and "well-managed migration policies", while Objective 13 mentions, in turn, the fulfillment of the countries of the global North with their commitment to the countries of the global South.
One of the greatest dramas today concerns the island archipelago of the Republic of Kiribati. Gradually, the country will be flooded by salty ocean waters. Thus, freshwater sources will be washed out, and the land itself will become uninhabitable. Due to the inability to produce food, the local population will have to be displaced. This is the first time such a situation will affect an entire nation.
"Year by year, CO2 emissions to the atmosphere are growing. We have crossed the Rubicon a long time ago – and now we have to deal with the consequences of this state of affairs. Of course, we can adapt to these negative effects – but here the question arises, are we all able to do so?,” Kamil Wyszkowski, Executive Director of UN Global Compact in Poland, asked.
"It is a great challenge of our times. It was described very well by Prof. Philip Alston's report prepared at the request of the UN Secretary-General. The report states that the countries of the South will assume 70 percent of the negative consequences of climate change. In contrast, the countries of the North only 30 percent – and even so this number is basically catastrophic,” Wyszkowski emphasized.