A study conducted by the Polish Academy of Sciences reveals that 28.8% of adult Poles (30.8% of men and 27.1% of women) smoke cigarettes daily. This percentage continues to rise. The highest rates of smoking are found among the unemployed (34% of the total) and homemakers (39% of the total). Furthermore, the addiction is predominantly seen in individuals who perceive their financial situation as poor (25% of the total). Experts from the Academy emphasize that tobacco smoking is the leading cause of death among Polish men, accounting for 26.6% of all male deaths in 2019. For women, it is the second most common cause of death. The study suggests increasing taxes on tobacco products to raise prices and reduce usage among all age groups.