Emissions of greenhouse gas decreased in most sectors between 1990 and 2018, and in particular in the energy, industry and housing sectors. The total reduction, including emissions from international shipping, which is not included in the current EU emissions targets, amounted to 1,291 million tonnes of CO2 over a 28-year period, which is 22.1 percent fewer emissions than in 1990.
At Union level, dependence on coal, gas and oil is still high though, and the economy continues to rely heavily on fossil fuels.
To break the relationship between GDP growth and greenhouse gas emissions, it will be necessary to improve energy efficiency and renewable energy investments. Only this will enable the EU to meet its 2030 and 2050 goals.
At the same time, the cost of the European Green Deal, and with it Europe's achievement of climate neutrality, will amount to €7 trillion, according to Goldman Sachs. So much for the EU to spend by 2050.
Poland's results in this context are not the worst, but they are not the best either. As much as 416 million tonnes of CO2 emitted by our country in 2018 makes us one of the countries with highest carbon footprint in the community. And the emission factor relative to standard purchasing power was 175 for Poland. Which means that "we pollute more than we produce."
Still, we did emit 60 million tonnes of CO2 less than in 1991, which means a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions by 12.6 percent. Here Poland is in an average position. Lithuania reduced the most (57.4 percent).